Top Score 10% & 50%
These scores show you which hospitals are among the top 10% or 50% NJ hospitals in the specific measure. If your hospital has a score that is equal to or greater than the score displayed at the top, it is among the top 10% or 50% performers in NJ on the specific measure.
Heart Attack Facts
The Overall Heart Attack Score summarizes all heart
attack measures for recommended care.
PCI Within 90 Minutes
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of heart
attack patients who underwent angioplasty, or a Percutaneous Coronary
Intervention (PCI), within 90 minutes after arrival at a hospital.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because PCI is
a procedure to open the blocked blood vessels, re-establishing the blood supply
to the heart muscle. It involves inserting a catheter (a flexible tube) often
through the leg. Increasingly, cardiologists choose to do a PCI instead of
prescribing clot-dissolving medication. However, PCI is not available at every
general hospital in New Jersey.
The Overall Pneumonia Score summarizes all pneumonia
measures for recommended care.
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of pneumonia
patients who received the most appropriate initial antibiotic.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because
different antibiotics treat specific bacterial infections. The initial
antibiotic selection should be the best treatment choice for that type of
Heart Failure Facts
The Overall Heart Failure Score summarizes all heart
failure measures for recommended care.
Ventricular Systolic (LVS) Function Assessment
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of heart
failure patients who had their LVS function evaluated before hospital arrival,
during hospitalization, or had a test planned following discharge.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because an
assessment of your heart’s left side, the main pumping chamber, is needed
to determine how well your heart is pumping. Results help determine appropriate
Surgical Infection Prevention
The Overall Surgical Care Improvement Score summarizes all surgical care measures for recommended care.
Antibiotic Started 1 Hour Before Surgery
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of eligible
patients who received prophylactic or preventive antibiotics within one hour
prior to surgical incision.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because surgery
patients given antibiotics, medicines that prevent and treat infections, within
the hour before their operation are less likely to get wound infections.
Getting an antibiotic over an hour earlier or after surgery begins is not as
Antibiotic Stopped Within 24 Hours
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of eligible
surgical patients whose prophylactic or preventive antibiotics were stopped
within 24 hours after surgery ended (or 48 hours after Coronary Artery Bypass
Graft or other cardiac surgery). Antibiotics are medicines that prevent and
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because taking
antibiotics for more than 24 hours after routine surgery is usually not
necessary and can increase the risk of side effects, such as stomach aches,
serious types of diarrhea, and resistance to the antibiotic (the use of too
much antibiotic can prevent them from being effective). There are, however,
exceptions. If the surgical site has been contaminated, there may be a need for
additional antibiotics after 24 hours. Talk to your doctor to determine how
long you should take antibiotics after surgery.
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of surgery
patients who received the appropriate preventive antibiotic(s) for their
surgery in order to prevent a surgical wound infection.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because certain
antibiotics are recommended to help prevent wound infection for particular
types of surgery. Hospitals can reduce the risk of wound infection after
surgery by making sure the patient gets the right medication at the right time
on the day of their surgery.
Preventing Blood Clots (VTEs) Received
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of patients
who received the appropriate treatment to prevent blood clots called venous
thromboembolism (VTE) at the right time.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because venous
thrombosis is a condition in which blood clots (thrombus) form in the vein,
usually in the leg, thigh or pelvis, and may limit blood flow, causing
swelling, redness and pain. If the clot breaks off, it can lodge itself in the
lungs, causing a pulmonary embolism, which can lead to death. Doctors can order
preventive treatments to reduce the risk. These treatments may include blood
thinning medications, elastic support stockings, or mechanical air stockings
that promote blood circulation.
Controlled Blood Sugar for Heart Patients
- THIS SCORE TELLS YOUpercent of all heart surgery patients whose blood sugar (blood glucose) is kept under good control in the days right after surgery.
- THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT all heart surgery patients get their blood sugar checked after surgery. Any patient who has high blood sugar after heart surgery has a greater chance of getting an infection.
Beta Blocker Prior Continued Before and After Perioperative Period
- THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of surgery patients who were taking heart drugs called beta blockers before coming to the hospital and were kept on the beta blockers during the period just before and after their surgery (the perioperative period).
- THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because when heart patients who take beta blockers suddenly stop taking them, they can experience heart problems. Although it is standard procedure to stop patients medications before and after their surgery, staying on beta blockers before and after surgery makes it less likely for problems to occur. Beta blockers are medicines that lower blood pressure, treat chest pain (angina) and heart failure, and help prevent heart attacks.
Urinary Catheter Removed
- THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percent of surgery patients who had a urinary catheter removed on the first or second day after surgery.
- THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because medical research has shown that the longer a catheter is in place, the greater the risk of the patient getting an urinary tract infection (UTI). This measure excludes patients who had a urological, gynecological or perineal procedure.
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percentage of heart attack (AMI) patients who died while in the hospital.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because it tells you how well the hospitals take care of their heart attack patients. This measure takes into consideration several factors such as how quickly hospital staff treats a heart attack patient once they are in the emergency room.
Heart Failure (HF) Mortality
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percentage of HF patients who died while in the hospital.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because it tells you how well the hospitals take care of their heart failure (HF) patients. Since HF mortality is affected by other medical problems, including lung disease, high blood pressure, cancer and liver disease, the score measures how well the hospital can contain these influences.
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percentage of pneumonia patients who died while in the hospital.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because it tells you how well the hospitals take care of their pneumonia patients. Although pneumonia is typically treated with antibiotics, sometimes in an outpatient setting, death does occur in hospitals, especially if the patient has a weakened respiratory system or other chronic health problems.
THIS SCORE TELLS YOU the percentage of stroke patients who died while in the hospital.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because it tells you how well the hospitals take care of their stroke patients. Treatment for stroke must be quick and efficient to prevent brain tissue death. The wrong treatment can be fatal, and treatment may differ depending on the type of stroke a patient has suffered. Death rates vary based on the cause and the severity of the stroke, existing illnesses, speed of arrival at the hospital, and speed of diagnosis of the type of stroke. Evidence shows that stroke mortality is affected by having pneumonia, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and heart failure.
Coronary Artery Bypass Graft ( CABG ) Surgery Mortality
THIS RATE TELLS YOU the percent of cardiac surgery patients who died while in the hospital following CABG surgery or died within 30 days from the date of their CABG surgery. These patients did not undergo any other major procedure. Lower percentage indicates fewer deaths.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because it tells you how well the hospitals take care of their cardiac patients who undergo CABG surgery. Lower mortality scores are better, mean fewer deaths and show better quality care.
Number of Cases by Hospital
THIS NUMBER TELLS YOU how many CABG surgery operations the hospital had performed during the year.
THIS INFORMATION IS IMPORTANT because research supports that, in general, treating a higher number of patients means more experience and is related to better outcomes. However, there are many hospitals that do not treat a lot of patients but have good outcomes, and other hospitals that treat a high number of patients and do not have good outcomes.
A 95% Confidence Interval is a statistical term that indicates that we are 95% confident that the hospital’s true mortality rate falls within the range displayed. There is, however, a 5% chance that the hospital’s true mortality rate will fall outside the range displayed.
Patient Safety Indicator Rates
Retained Surgical Item or Unretrieved Device Fragment
- This indicator (formerly called foreign body left during procedure) measures how often a surgical instrument or tool (foreign body), such as a scalpel or a sponge, was accidentally left in a patient's body during an operation. It is also referred to as a "Never-event" because it is a clearly identifiable, serious medical error and usually preventable. The indicator which stands to show the number of hospitalized patients (i.e., among surgical and medical patients ages 18 years and older, or obstetric patients) with ICD-9 diagnosis codes for a â€˜retained surgical item or unretrieved device fragmentâ€™, captures a rare event and therefore, it is reported as a count or volume.
- Reporting information on this indicator is important because foreign objects such as sponges, surgical or medical instruments or tools, bandages, etc. should never be left in a patientâ€™s body after an operation or procedure. This error is preventable, and hospitals with such incidents need to put systems in place to prevent recurrence.
- This indicator measures how often incidents of iatrogenic pneumothorax occur in a given hospital. The rate shows the number of such incidents (i.e., discharges with ICD-9 codes for iatrogenic pneumothorax) per 1,000 eligible surgical or medical patients 18 years and older. Iatrogenic is a medical term for a condition in which air or gas is present in the pleural cavity or space around the lung. Air could be leaking from the lungs as a result of accidental puncture while performing procedures such as mechanical ventilation, tracheostomy tube placement, or other therapeutic intervention. Pneumothorax is a term used to describe a collapsed lung as a result of presence of air or gas in the pleural cavity which can impair oxygenation and/or ventilation.
- Information on this indicator is important because the complication, which is a relatively frequent event and potentially serious complication of procedures adjacent to the lung, is preventable, especially if appropriate precautions are taken and currently recommended techniques used. Treating this potentially preventable medical error sometimes requires putting a tube into a patientâ€™s chest to remove the excess air.
Postoperative Hip Fracture
- This indicator measures how often hospitalized patients broke a hip bone from a fall following any kind of operation. The event is considered preventable with proper medical and nursing care. The rate tells you the number of patients who broke a hip bone from a fall during a hospital stay (i.e., patients with ICD-9 codes for hip fracture in any secondary diagnosis field) per 1,000 eligible surgical discharges 18 years and older.
- Information on this indicator is important because breaking a hip bone as a result of a fall while in the care of a hospital is a type of medical error that is usually preventable. A fall can happen for different reasons, such as being given too much pain medication, having too little supervision when trying to walk after an operation or it may just happen. Postoperative hip fracture occurs very rarely.
Postoperative Hemorrhage or Hematoma
- This indicator measures how often hospitalized patients bled too much either within their body or outside their body (hemorrhage) or develop a large clot (hematoma) following a surgical procedure. These complications were important enough to involve another operation to stop the bleeding or remove the blood clots. The rate tells you the number of patients with postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma (i.e., patients with ICD-9 codes for postoperative hemorrhage or hematoma in any secondary diagnosis field) per 1,000 eligible surgical patients 18 years and older.
- Information on this indicator is important because the event is considered preventable when proper guidelines and procedures are followed.
Postoperative Pulmonary Embolism (PE) or Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT)
- This indicator measure how often patients experience a blood clot up in the lungs (pulmonary embolism) or in a large vein (deep vein thrombosis) following an operation. The rate tells you the number of patients with PE or DVT (i.e., discharges with ICD-9 codes for pulmonary embolism (PE) or deep vein thrombosis (DVT) in any secondary diagnosis field) per 1,000 surgical patients 18 years and older excluding obstetric patients.
- This information is important because both PE and DVT are common complications that can be prevented through continuous in-hospital risk assessment and appropriate infection treatments.
- This indicator measures how often hospitalized patients get a serious bloodstream infection (nosocomial postoperative sepsis) following a surgery. A serious infection of the bloodstream caused by toxin-producing bacteria, known as sepsis, can occur after surgery. The rate tells you the number of hospitalized patients that get a serious bloodstream infection (i.e., patients with ICD-9 codes for nosocomial postoperative sepsis) per 1,000 elective surgery patients age 18 years and older. The rate excludes patients with pre-existing infections as well as those with compromised immunity system such as cancer. Obstetric patients are also excluded.
- This information is important because it tells you the level of care provided by the hospital to prevent sepsis infections in patients. Analysis of these particular infections may provide a screen for potential medical errors and a method for monitoring trends in infections over time. Hospitals following the appropriate protocols, such as requiring staff frequently wash their hands, should see improvement of postoperative sepsis or other infections over time. Evidence has shown that, with proper monitoring and care, postoperative sepsis infections can be prevented.
Postoperative Wound Dehiscence
- This indicator measures how often a surgical wound in the stomach or pelvic area splits open after an operation (i.e., postoperative wound dehiscence among abdominopelvic surgical patients). Wound reclosure is performed after the wound from surgical operation is accidently split open (wound dehiscence). Abdominopelvic surgical procedures include those performed on the stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, pancreas, kidneys, most of the small and large intestines, urinary bladder and internal reproductive organs. The rate tells you the number of patients who had experienced surgical wound in the stomach or pelvic area (i.e., discharges with ICD-9 codes for postoperative wounds dehiscence) per 1,000 eligible cases of abdominopelvic surgeries. Patients with pre-existing conditions (POA) and all obstetric admissions are excluded from this measure.
- Information on this indicator is important because it shows you how often a surgical wound in the stomach or pelvic area happens after an operation. Some or all of these complications may require treatment with another major operation to fix the wound. Wound dehiscence following surgery is a medical error that can be avoided. Studies show that proper surgical and nursing care can prevent wound dehiscence from occurring frequently.
Accidental Puncture or Laceration
- This indicator measures how often incidents of inadvertent cuts, punctures, perforations, and lacerations happen to patients during a surgical procedure. The rate tells you the number of patients who had an accidental cut or lacerations during a procedure (i.e., discharges with ICD-9 codes for accidental puncture or laceration) per 1,000 eligible surgical and medical discharges age 18 years and older. The number excludes patients with pre-existing conditions as well as obstetric admissions.
- This information is important because it tells you how often patients were accidentally cut, making an unnecessary or dangerous hole or tear in an organ of the body (called an accidental puncture and laceration), while receiving medical care in the hospital. With appropriate care, this medical error which occurs very frequently can be avoided, or at least minimized.
- This indicator measures how often patients get bad reaction to a blood transfusion. It captures patients who had experienced illness or injury resulting from administration of mismatched blood or blood products, based on ABO or Rh antigens (i.e., discharges with ICD-9 codes for transfusion reaction). Using the wrong type of blood or blood substitute are examples of why this type of medical error may occur. The indicator, which is reported as a count/volume since it is a very rare event, is considered a never-event because it should not happen at all.
- This information is important because transfusion reactions are considered preventable through adherence to proper blood typing, cross-matching, and patient monitoring.
Birth Trauma - Injury to Neonate
- This indicator captures how often a newborn infant (neonate) experiences a problem during the birth process, such as a broken collarbone, an infection, or a head injury. Examples of what may cause a birth trauma to a neonate include: bleeding; delay ordering a medically necessary cesarean section (c-section); misuse of forceps or a vacuum extractor during delivery; or failure to respond to an umbilical cord that is dangerously wrapped around the newborn. The rate tells you the number of birth trauma (injury to neonate) cases per 1,000 live births caused by medical complications during labor and delivery. The rate excludes some preterm infants and infants with osteogenic imperfecta.
- This information is important because it shows how often birth traumas, which are potentially preventable errors occur. Many neonatal injuries that occur during delivery are considered preventable when clinical guidelines and procedures are followed properly.
Obstetric Trauma - Vaginal Delivery with Instrument
- This indicator captures how often a woman experiences a tear (trauma) to her perineum (the area between her vagina and rectum) while giving birth when a health care provider is using forceps or other medical instruments to help her deliver the baby. The rate tells you the number of obstetric trauma cases (3rd or 4th degree lacerations, other obstetric lacerations) during instrument-assisted vaginal deliveries per 1,000 instrument assisted vaginal deliveries.
- This information is important because trauma cases during vaginal delivery that require the use of forceps or other instrument assistance is a medical error that is potentially preventable.
Obstetric Trauma - Vaginal Delivery without Instrument
- This indicator captures how often a woman experiences a tear (trauma) to her perineum (the area between her vagina and rectum) while giving birth without the use of medical instruments. Such tears, which can happen even when medical instruments are not used, are often preventable. The rate tells you the number of obstetric trauma cases (4th degree lacerations, other obstetric lacerations) per 1,000 vaginal deliveries that occurred without a medical instrument.
- This information is important because it tells you the number of potentially preventable injuries or lacerations that occur during a vaginal delivery that did not require instrument assistance.